PURPOSE

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THE CRITICISM CULTURE AND MORALITY OF TOLERANCE IN ISLAMIC THOUGHT

(INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM)


Islamic thought has been brought to the present by the schools, traditions and many people developed thought and practice around the main texts of Islam. It is clear that this process, which involves many religious, political, social and cultural events, is not uniform (monotonous). Throughout history, Muslims have been in a dynamic relationship with each other and with the people who have exploited from basins of different beliefs and thoughts. This form of dynamic relationship is the results of the fact that Islamic thought has a sophisticated experience that accommodates various forms of intellectual and practical reading and different attitudes and acceptances that locates themselves in different places. In fact, the two major structures that support the different tendencies in Islamic thought and carry it to present are the tradition of strong criticism and the morality of profound tolerance.

The fact that no theoretical or practical product produced by humans is impeccable makes criticism necessary and the fact that people are condemned to live together with their differences makes tolerance compulsory. Constructive criticism and moderate toleration provide not only the thought but also provides durability and order of the social structure that brings a concrete entity to this thought. Islamic thought is like a unique laboratory that demonstrates how criticism and tolerance are experienced in different intellectual and social instances. This experience is an exceptional achievement for Muslims, who have spread over different geographies and living with a member of all kinds of beliefs, cultures, and civilizations.

It is clear that today's Muslims have various disagreements due to their practical differences. Yet, it is a fact that a considerable part of our ancient discussion's topics and besides many new debates that given rising by the modern age occupies the agenda of our scientists. Today, we are witnessing the devastating controversies that frustrate the ground of tolerance and endurance, which is the insurance of social peace. These debates devoid of the tradition of criticism and the morality of tolerance are condemning the issues to a perspective in which the order of priority and importance is ignored.

The idea that Islamic thought can be a guide in the shape and style as well as in the content and notion of the intellectual problems we have is the main reason of why we consider the issue within the framework of a symposium. Hopefully, the effects of this science feast will embrace a whole world of knowledge and our country, which stand out in the midst of a fireplace as an island of serenity, write stories worthy of its glorious history as a selective peace dormitory where respect for the idea and intellectual man has peaked.

We believe that these declared reasons and purposes and the following headings on the major sub-topics of the symposium will guide the researchers.

 

SYMPOSIUM THEMES

A.    CRITICAL THOUGHT

Conceptual analysis of critique and its importance

Criticism methodology

Effective dynamics in critical view

The relation between criticism and science

Modern theories of criticism

The relation of critical view and socio-political reality

The dialectics of criticism and affairs

Examples of criticism in Islamic thought

The tradition of criticism in Islamic thought

Knowledge- government relation in Islam

The relation of the middle way conception-critical thinking

Enlightened and intellectual Muslim

B. CODE OF CRITICISM

Conceptual provisions of tolerance in Islamic thought

The meaning, framework, and purpose of tolerance in the Qur'an and Sunnah

The issue of tolerating differences of thought

Cods of tolerance and its requirements

The limits of tolerance to the other in Islamic thought

The endurance of tolerance and social relations

The political and socio-cultural background of tolerance for the new in Islamic societies

Tolerance the thought and violence

Patience-tolerance relation

Endurance or tolerance? (In terms of sociological theories)

The problem of intellectual conflict and tolerance in the Islamic world

Individualism, freedom, and multiculturalism in Islamic thought

Fundamentalism and radicalism